In the 18th and 19th centuries, Industrial Revolution hit the world. The development of new innovative machinery took manufacturing out of homes and created many job opportunities in the factories. As a result, output maximized and efficiency increased. Though there was a great improvement, the cost incurred was the living standard and employing the poor. Many unskilled workers were not employed, because most of the jobs were meant for the top positions. In fact, most of them lived in terrible conditions.
Unfortunately, this seems to again take place. The new technologies are threatening millions of jobs because they have been developed to streamline lower-paid workers and lower-skilled workers. Recently, the NSW Parliamentary Service conducted a study to know the impact new technologies can have on jobs. They went ahead and applied the findings on job vacancies Australia-wide to determine the states that will be hit the hardest. They also wanted to determine the overall impact new inventions will have on Australia’s workforce. According to the study, they found the following:
#1 – By 2030, robots will have replaced 1 in 6 jobs Australia-wide.
#2 – In South Australia, 1 in 5 jobs are likely to be lost to computerization.
#3 – In Adelaide, 1 in 5 job vacancies are likely to become automated.
#4 – ACT is the home to the highest portion of jobs that are safe from automation risk.
#5 – Low-paid jobs are the most at risk.
States and Cities That Are Most at Risk
South Australia and Adelaide, its capital, are the ones with the highest number of jobs that are likely to be automated. South Australia is the hardest place in Australia to find work, and it has the highest number of job seekers compared to number of job vacancies. According to Raife Watson, CEO of Adzuna Australia, that is more bad news for South Australia.
In the next line were QLD, NSW, and WA. Robots had 75-percent chance to replace their jobs portions. And the ones with the least percentage were VIC, TAS, ACT, and NT. Fortunately, Brisbane city had the best result with only 7-percent of its job vacancies having more than 75-percent probability of being automated.
Jobs That Are Most at Risk
Lower skill jobs are likely to be replaced first because they are easy to automate. Jobs that involve routine tasks, little creative thinking, little emotional intelligence, and attract lower salary are also at high risk of being automated. Some of the affected routine tasks include butchers, admin workers, bank tellers, and plant operators. Jobs at the bottom end will get automated, leaving only mid to high skill jobs that pay well.
The impact will be an increase in tech job vacancies and well paying jobs. An impact that will be met when there will be a reduction in entry-level jobs and a significant reduction of jobs for the people with no higher education level. Basically, low-paid and unskilled Australians will have no where to go.
For young Australians, breaking into the workforce already is a big challenge. In fact, per graduate vacancy, there is an average of 32 graduate job seekers. Because works that need little knowledge are the easiest to computerize, the development of an intelligent technology is likely to cause less jobs for unskilled workers. In states such as South Australia who already face grim employment levels, the unemployment level will be forced higher.
People will be forced to seek more knowledge through either further education or unpaid work experience. And some workers might be forced to choose new career paths because some industries are likely to lose all human input. Though the new technology will have a negative impact on the workforce, it will increase efficiency level and create a good outcome for consumers because costs will be reduced.
According to Raife Watson, CEO of Adzuna Australia, computers are taking over the low-skilled jobs. Therefore, the best option is to up-skill. He goes ahead and says that it is still difficult for computers to replace emotional intelligence, hybrid skills, and critical thinking. Though for some jobs, automation cannot be avoided, he says that finding a way of evolving these three into your roles is good.
There is no doubt that automation will hit hard some jobs and industries by 2030. Therefore, workers performing these roles need to change their career paths or aim for management roles. And to save a lot of stress, it is wise to be aware of the available jobs before spending thousands studying a University degree. Robots replacing 1 in 6 jobs by 2030 is an issue that cannot be ignored. In fact, it is a worry because if the result proves to be correct, everything will get changed.